Tuesday, November 26, 2013

SAMR: Model, Metaphor, Mistakes

I have been doing a lot of thinking for a presentation on technology in the English Language Arts classroom I am planning for the end of January. In the course of my preparation I came across the SAMR model developed by Ruben N. Puentedura It provides a framework for how technology impacts pedagogy. This YouTube video does a great job briefly explaining each of the stages. As such, the SAMR model can help teachers think about their own implementation of various tech tools in the classroom.
While thinking about the best way to present the model to teachers, I came across a blogpost by Tim Holt that compared the various levels of tech implementation to ordering coffee from Starbucks. A person ordering from Starbucks can simply substitute its coffee for the homemade version or order a Pumpkin Spice Latte, which truly redefines an espresso drink. This metaphor gave me the inspiration to create the following slide (included here as a stand alone image) for my presentation. The comparison is between the drinks a person could order from Starbucks and the coffee he or she could make at home.
But I also came across this blogpost by Catlin Tucker about the limitations of the SAMR model. The mistake would be to assume that the SAMR captures the typical journey of tech implementation in the classroom, beginning with substitution and ending with redefinition. Instead, she suggests, tech implementation involves a transformation to the teacher. Most teachers get connected with other teachers using technology, and through that influence begin to teach with engaging online tools. This observation also fits with the Starbucks metaphor since people also start drinking coffee and espresso drinks by connecting with others who do the same. The SAMR model can help such a teacher evaluate his or her use of a particular tool as technology continues to transform the teacher and classroom.
Finally, this blogpost, especially the comments, made me realize that SAMR can not be read hierarchically or be used as a way to look down on other less tech savvy teachers. At different times in the classroom the substitution level of technology implementation can be just as valuable as the redefinition level. Indeed, a redefinition of a task may later turn out to be less valuable than the original task. In addition, many teachers are already teaching at high levels even before technology tools are used in the classroom.
In conclusion, the SAMR model, in conjunction with the coffee metaphor, can help teachers think about technology implementation in the classroom. But it can not take the place of connecting with other technology using educators and thinking about how these levels impact the high level of teaching that is occurring in so many classrooms across the country.

38 comments:

  1. Can I have permission to use your SAMR model slide in a presentation of mine? Thank.

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    1. Of course! I am glad you found the graphic worth sharing. I created it for a presentation of my own.

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  2. Could I post your SAMR and coffee graphic on my website giving you credit?

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    1. Lindy,

      No problem. Sorry it took so long for me to reply. Hopefully you already used the image instead of waiting around for me to reply.

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  3. I would also love to use your graphic, giving you credit of course...

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    1. Definitely. Glad you found it worth sharing.

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  4. i've seen this graphic all over the place. glad I finally found the original source. Nicely done.

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    1. Thanks. I use it in a training for technology and the common core.

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  5. Hoping for permission to use this in a Prezi. This is a great article!

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    1. Thanks! Of course you can use the image in your Prezi.

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  6. Hi there,
    I am just learning about SAMR and would love to also use your image (with reference of course) - as this is a great metaphor.
    Thankyou

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    1. I am glad you thought the model was a useful metaphor. Hopefully, you have already used the image in your own presentations. Feel free to share.

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  7. This is very essential blog; it helped me a lot whatever you have provided.
    Forward Edge

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  8. Hello! I would love to use your coffee cup example in an upcoming presentation. It's great!

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  9. May I also, please, use your handy-dandy infographic in a presentation?
    ~ Robin

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    1. Of course. Glad you found it worth sharing!

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  10. hello - I really enjoyed your blog post. Would you mind if I used the coffee infographic in a presentation to staff?

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  11. Hi - Excellent graphic and a really good example! Would I be able to use it in an upcoming presentation please? Props and references would naturally apply!

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  12. Hello, Jonathan!
    I am working on an analogy of the SAMR model and the pathways for developing a visible culture of Approaches to Learning. I was wondering whether I could use your infographic.

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    1. Of course. Glad you found the graphic helpful.

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  13. Hello Jonathan- Yet another request to use your graphic. I'm writing to ask your permission to use your SAMR graphic in change proposal I am writing for a class at UCD. Thanks so much. Margo Bedford.

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  14. I would love to use your graphic for a presentation, if that's ok? Thank you so much!

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  15. I would like to use your graphic in presentations with my staff as well. Thanks in advance!

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  16. Hi Jonathan,
    Your SAMR coffee graphic is one of my favorites and explains it well. I would like to use it to introduce SAMR with my staff if that is okay? Thanks!
    Rozzie @librOlibrary

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    1. Agree me too! I'm introducing it to pre-service educators for the first time.

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  17. Hi Jonathan,
    The Ritenour School District in St. Louis County, MO, would like to include this wonderful infographic in our presentations and materials as we prepare for a 1:1 technology initiative rollout. We will attribute this graphic to you. May we proceed with using it?

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  18. Hi Jonathan,
    I too want to use your infographic. Could you label it for reuse under the creative commons? Thanks!

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  19. Hi Jonathan,

    I would like to use the infographic in a presentation here in Germany, too.

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  20. Jonathan,

    What a wonderful graphic. I, too, would like to include this graphic in my annual library report to the Board of Education in our school district.

    Thanks,
    Jennie

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  21. Love your SAMR coffee graphic, would love to use in a presentation

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  23. I like your post and your blog is very nice and simple Order coffee online

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  24. Great graphic and supportive content. If acceptable to you, I would like to include this in my report to District leadership - Steve, Eugene School District 4J

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